This part of the Trent and Mersey system was built to carry limestone from the quarries around Froghall and the remains of many limestone kilns can still be seen in the area. The canal passes through industrial Potteries and out towards the Staffordshire Moorlands.
When the Caldon Canal was restored to navigation in 1974, the final half-mile of the Leek Branch remained buried beneath an industrial estate. During 2003, Caldon and Uttoxeter Canals Trust (formerly Caldon Canal Society), with support from IWA, put in place funding for a feasibility study to examine ways to improve the current terminus and to extend the Canal back toward the market town of Leek. Completion of the study is now due in 2006. At the terminus of the main line of the Caldon Canal, BW undertook substantial repairs to the canal channel in 2003 to overcome problems of subsidence and, with a new concrete channel lining, has been able to lower the water level in the final pound without any reduction in minimum depth. This has enabled more boats to pass through the low profile of Froghall Tunnel. The Trust is also promoting the restoration of the Foxley and the Norton Green Arms, both toward the Stoke-on-Trent end of the Caldon Canal, although these have not progressed in the last couple of years.